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International Organization for Migration

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Kabir Verdi Jain

Director of Humanitarian Committee

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Ojasvini

Director of Humanitarian Committee

Committee: International Organization for Migration
Agenda: Addressing the Current Scenario of Global Labour Migration and Violation of Rights With
Special Emphasis on Kafala System
Committee Type: Humanitarian Committee
Additional Directors : Divina Kaushik and Aayush Mahapatra

Committee Email-Id: iomsmun24@gmail.com


“Migrants and Refugees are not pawns on the chessboard of humanity.”
-Pope Francis


Welcome esteemed delegates to the International Organization for Migration. The IOM is the foremost intergovernmental organization in the eld of migration, having been founded in 1951 and becoming an aliated institution of the UN in September 2016. It collaborates closely with governmental, intergovernmental, and non-governmental partners. The International Organization for
Migration's (IOM) history follows the man-made and natural calamities of the last fty years, but its core belief that orderly and compassionate migration helps both migrants and society has gradually earned international recognition. Assistance to migrants, including migrant laborers, refugees, and internally displaced people, is part of the organization's global mandate.


While nations of origin prot from the skills and remittances that migrant workers send home and host nations prot from the economic growth, the process of migration entails complicated problems. The complications include but are not limited to governance, the safety of migrant workers, the connections between migration and development, and international cooperation. A migrant's susceptibility to abuse and exploitation increases signicantly if they enter another nation illegally or their entry is lawful but they subsequently lose their immigration status. Undocumented migrants are frequently denied their human rights and basic freedoms.


Many human rights problems concern integration and cultural identity. These can include the denial of economic, social, and cultural rights in addition to civil and political rights including torture, arbitrary detention, and lack of due process. The denial of rights to migrants is frequently strongly associated with laws that discriminate and with ingrained prejudice. Women with irregular status are more vulnerable due to a high chance of sexual exploitation. Racism and discrimination disproportionately impact immigrants; manifesting as acts of racial violence, restrictions on obtaining citizenship, or barriers to the administration of justice.


Unequal access to economic, social and cultural rights may mean that migrants, including the osprings of undocumented migrants may be refused access to emergency medical care as well as restricted or denied access to education. Human rights law establishes boundaries for treatment and situations that are unacceptable, even though it does not forbid the imprisonment of non-citizens.
However, in reality, detained migrants' physical and legal circumstances vary greatly between nations.


Tens of millions of migrant laborers in the Middle East are governed by the Kafala -or sponsorship- system, which establishes the terms of the connection between foreign workers and their local sponsor, or kafeel, who is typically their employer. In an era of rapid economic expansion, it was established to provide cheap, plentiful labor, and supporters contend that it supports regional companies and promotes development. But there is a growing realization that the system is saturated with manipulation, and it is problematic. The shortcomings of the kafala system were brought to light in preparation for the 2022 FIFA World Cup in Qatar, but it is yet unclear how reform initiatives would proceed.


Low pay, unfavorable working conditions, and mistreatment of employees are frequently the results of laws and policies that fail to protect the rights of migrant workers. Gender-based violence and racial discrimination are pervasive. Leaving the workplace without the sponsor's consent is a crime that can lead to the termination of their legal status and possibly even jail or deportation, even if it is an attempt to escape maltreatment. In the face of exploitation, workers have few options, and a number of experts
suggest that the system encourages contemporary slavery.

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